The art of carpet weaving which has been going on for the past 3500 years is one of the oldest professions in the world.In the warm climate of civilizations within the Fertile Crescent-Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyption, and partly Heelenistic-weaving tended to produce clothes and was concantreted more on embroidery than no carpetry, in contrast with the people of central Asia, who produced carpets and kilims with the aim of protecting themselves from the cold climate. Carpets reflect the culture of a people and with their attractive colors and designs convey artistic messages to peoples of other cultures, thus become a universal means of discourse. When you observe their surface lines and delienate the motifs in their repetitious rhythm, symmetrical harmony, dominance and hierarchy, balance and unity, you will appreciate why carpet weaving is one of the most beautiful artistic activities.
The art of Turkish carpet weaving first started in central Asia. It underwent changes in design, but the main characteristicsremained intact.In the earlier examples, geometrical forms like stars, squares, hexagons and octagons were dominant; roses or roselike formsand other floral patterns constituted the motifs.In the period following the acceptance of Islam, the mihrab (altar), the kandil (candle), and the ębręk (kettle) became dominant figures, especially of theTurkish seccade, the prayer rug, a small carpet used during prayer.